Effects of Physico-Chemical Parameters on The Efficiency of Stations and Water Lifting Pumps of Al-Salam Canal, Egypt

Document Type : Original Article


1 Ministry of Water Resources and Irrigation, Egypt.

2 Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Al-Azhar University (boy), Egypt.

3 Environment and Climate changes Research Institute, El Qanater El Khairiya, Egypt

4 Farmer Director of Mechanical and Electrical Research Institute, El Qanater El Khairiya, Egypt.


In North Sinai, mixed water and reusing it would have a positive impact on the expansion of agricultural production, redistribution of the Egyptian population through resettlement, increase in employment and establishment of new rural communities. However, it may have some negative impacts on the waterways in relation to pollution of water that may have a serious effect on the operation and maintenance of the lifting pumps. In order to keep the project sustainable and protect the distribution system including the water lifting pumps, monitoring the quality of surface water in the main drains (Faraskur Drain, Sirw Drain and Bahr Hadous) and Al-Salam Canal was determined within 14 locations along Al-Salam network system during the summer season (2018). The present results indicated that it is difficult to make an overall assessment of the degree of contamination of the surface water along Al-Salam network system because there is considerable spatial variability between locations. Also, the present study showed locations that containing a high level of TSS, TDS, EC, BOD, COD, cations, anions, ammonia, heavy metals and oil and grease were displayed quite directly or indirectly corrosive to all the components of water lifting pump system.