Milk and Dairy Products, Good or Bad for Human Health: Review Article

Document Type : Original Article


Department of Biotechnology, College of Science, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq


Numerous macro- and micronutrients are thought to be present in milk. It has a healthy mix of protein, fat, carbs, and other nutrients that support good nutrition and advantageous health effects. When compared to the milk of other animals, goat milk is thought to be superior in terms of a host of health advantages and a lower risk of allergy. To improve the quality and shelf life of goat milk and its products, a number of processing procedures have been used, including pasteurization, ultrafiltration, microfiltration, and ultrasound. A wide variety of dairy products are made with goat milk, including yogurt and cheese, Marketable products made by the use of cutting-edge processing methods include goat milk powder, fermented milk, and others. It has been demonstrated that goats raised on pasture-based feeding methods produce milk with a higher level of nutrients than their counterparts. Potential bioactive components found in goat milk support the maintenance of the body's normal metabolism and function. This review sheds light on the essential nutritional components and bioactive elements found in goat milk, as well as their potential contribution to the creation of diverse functional foods employing various processing techniques. In comparison to other milk options.