A mini Review of New Potential Therapeutic Strategies Against Trichinellosis

Document Type : Original Article


Zoology Department, Faculty of Science, Suez Canal University, Ismailia 41522, Egypt.


Trichinella spiralis is a parasitic nematode transmitted through the consumption of contaminated meat. The study aims to provide comprehensive information on various aspects of trichinellosis, including its manifestations, conventional treatment methods, and emerging anti-trichinellosis strategies using nanoparticles is a promising approach to overcoming the challenges posed by conventional trichinellosis treatments. The infection begins when a host ingests meat containing infective larvae of T. spiralis. The adult worms release newborn larvae (NBL) that enter the bloodstream. These NBL invade striated skeletal muscle cells and establish nurse cell-parasite complexes within the muscle tissue. Trichinella causes a public health impact and economic costs related to pig husbandry and food safety. As the prevalence of trichinellosis remains a concern, continued research, surveillance, and public awareness efforts are essential to mitigate the impact of this parasitic infection on human health and the food industry. Pursuing new and effective treatments for trichinellosis remains imperative, and ongoing research efforts are exploring innovative strategies to address the limitations of existing drugs and enhance their therapeutic outcomes. Several studies highlight the potential of specific antigens for developing vaccines that could offer protective immunity against T. spiralis infection, providing valuable insights for future research in parasitology and vaccine development. In conclusion, the integration of nanotechnology and nanoparticles holds promise for revolutionizing drug delivery systems, improving therapeutic outcomes, and offering novel approaches to treat various diseases, including parasitic infections like trichinellosis. Ongoing research in this field is likely to unveil more innovative applications and solutions in the future.