A Survey of Amphibian Fauna in Jazan Region, Saudi Arabia

Document Type : Original Article


1 Biology department, faculty of science, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia

2 Biology department, faculty of science, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia. - Zoology Department, Faculty of Sciences, Fayoum University, Fayoum, Egypt


The amphibious animal is defined as a group of vertebrates relying upon water and encompassing areas. Individuals of amphibians are an essential part of environments, but they are threatened by human actions, including climate change. Amphibians can likewise give proof of natural well-being and flexibility. In spite of the fact that Jazan area has distinctive environments and fauna, the investigations of amphibian fauna in Jazan area remain ineffectively contemplated and data about its biology and appropriation is inadequate. This study was carried out to investigate the diversity of amphibians in Jazan region through hand grabbing collection of specimens from Dhamd, Abu-Arish, Samtah, Al-Aradha and Ahad Almasarha. Three types of Amphibia (Anura) belong to the family Bufonidae were recorded to include Duttaphrynus dhufarensis, Sclerophrys arabicaand Sclerophrys tihamicaamong the total of seven amphibian species present in Saudi Arabia. The current study revealed that Sclerophrys tihamicais an abundant species while the other two are rare in the study area. Additional field visits and surveys through different seasons and environments (particularly mountains and valleys locations) are recommended.